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​​​Updated: 29 June 2020



Expanded 12 Principles for Preparing for Online Learning and Teaching: References



Bozkurt, A., Jung, I., Xiao, J., Vladimirschi, V., Schuwer, R., Egorov, G., Lambert, S. R., Al-Freih, M., Pete, J., Olcott, Jr., D. Rodes, V., Aranciaga, I., Bali, M., Alvarez, Jr., A. V., Roberts, J., Pazurek, A., Raffaghelli, J. E., Panagiotou, N., de Coëtlogon, P., Shahadu, S., Brown, M., Asino, T. I. Tumwesige, J., Ramírez Reyes, T., Barrios Ipenza, E., Ossiannilsson, E., Bond, M., Belhamel, K., Irvine, V., Sharma, R. C., Adam, T., Janssen, B., Sklyarova, T., Olcott, N. Ambrosino, A., Lazou, C., Mocquet, B., Mano, M., & Paskevicius, M. (2020). A global outlook to the interruption of education due to COVID-19 pandemic: Navigating in a time of uncertainty and crisis. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), 1-126. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3778083​

Cleveland-Innes, M., & Campbell, P. (2012). Emotional presence, learning, and the online learning environment. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(4), 269-292. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v13i4.1234 

FutureLearn, How To Teach Online: Providing Continuity for Students https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/teach-online 

FutureLearn/The Open University, The Online Educator: People and Pedagogy (free online four-week course) https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/the-online-educator ​

Irish Universities Association, (2020) Planning for effective remote teaching during Covid-19: The EDTL Approach, Enhancing Digital Teaching & Learning Project, https://edtl.blog/the-edtl-approach/ 

QAA Scotland, (2020), Focus On: Technology Enhanced Learning, https://www.qaa.ac.uk/scotland/en/focus-on/technology-enhanced-learning# 

Ohio State University, Active Learning in an Online Course, Office of Distance Education and eLearning, https://resourcecenter.odee.osu.edu/course-design-and-pedagogy/active-learning-online-course 

OpenLearn: Developing a Sense of Belonging in online distance learning (online toolkit) https://www.open.edu/openlearncreate/course/view.php?id=4183 

Stanford, D. (2020) Videoconferencing Alternatives: How Low-Bandwidth Teaching Will Save Us All, IDDblog, DePaul University.  https://www.iddblog.org/videoconferencing-alternatives-how-low-bandwidth-teaching-will-save-us-all/ 

Valetsianos, G. (2020) The 7 elements of a good online course. The Conversation https://theconversation.com/the-7-elements-of-a-good-online-course-139736#comments-container 

Wang, H. (2015) The Importance of an Online Social Presence https://proctorfree.com/importance-online-social-presence/ ​


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